The Celtic "Hunnenring" circular stone wall in Otzenhausen


Introduction

The folkloric name "Hunnenring" ("Circle of the Huns") designates one of the biggest fortifications of the Celtic world. The old designation "Hunnenring" suggests the possible existence of the Huns in this region. This interpretation has, however, been proved nonsensical.
The fortifications are situated on the edge of the Hunsrück Nature Park, on the "Dollberg" near Otzenhausen, 695m above sea level.
Explanations regarding its function vary from it being purely a refuge keep, via an oppidum (a townlike settlement), to a seat of power and rulership or aristocracy. Topographically, the "Hunnenring" lies at the southern extremity of the territory of the Celtic Treveri tribe.
In all probability constructed as early as the 5th/4th century B.C. (at the end of the Hallstatt culture) as a defence against the Germanic peoples, the fort experienced its heyday in the 2nd and 1st century B.C. (age of the Latène culture). In the 1st century B.C. it was abandoned for reasons as yet unknown.


The site is triangular in shape. It is divided into a main fort and an outer fort. From east to west it extends 460m, from north to south 647m. This results in an overall area of 18.5 hectares, making the "Hunnenring" one of the largest Celtic fortifications ever built. The stone walls are around 2500m long and are built from approximately 240,000 cubic metres of stones, which corresponds to the load of around 9000 railway trucks. The dimensions of the site are still very impressive today…

10 signposted vantage points lead you in a circular route to the most important points of the fort. Distance approximately 4 kilometres, some steep inclines. Walking shoes or boots are recommended.